Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure performed on the eye to treat various conditions involving the vitreous gel, retina and other structures within the eye. It is frequently employed to address conditions such as retinal detachment, macular hole, epiretinal membrane and vitreous haemorrhage.
During this procedure, small incisions in the eye are made to access the vitreous cavity. Specialised instruments are then used to remove the vitreous gel, which fills the space between the lens and the retina. This allows the surgeon to address the underlying condition affecting the retina or other structures more effectively.
Vitrectomy can be performed under local or general anaesthesia, depending on your health condition
and the surgeon's assessment. Depending on the complexity of the condition being treated, the
duration of the procedure can vary.
After the vitreous gel is removed, additional procedures may be performed as needed. For instance, if there is a retinal detachment, the surgeon will reattach the retina using techniques such as laser therapy, cryotherapy (freezing), or the placement of a gas or silicone oil bubble to encourage the reattachment of the retina.
Following the procedure, a patch or shield may be placed over your eye for protection. Eyedrops will be prescribed and there will be instructions on how to care for your eye post operation, including activities to avoid, and maintaining a specific head position if a gas bubble has been inserted.
Recovery time will vary depending on the individual and the specific condition being treated. It
is common for visual improvement to occur gradually over several weeks to months, and it is
important to attend follow-up appointments to monitor progress and ensure proper healing.
As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications associated with vitrectomy, including infection, bleeding, retinal tears or detachment. Your ophthalmologist will discuss these risks with you and provide personalised guidance based on your condition.
It is vital to consult with an experienced ophthalmologist or retina specialist to determine if vitrectomy is a suitable treatment option for your condition. Based on your individual case, the eye care specialist will make an assessment, explain the procedure in detail, and answer any questions or concerns you may have, allowing you to make an informed decision.